Type 2 diabetes promotes cell centrosome amplification and the role of AKT-ROS-dependent signalling of ROCK1 and 14-3-3σ
Type 2 diabetes is associated with oxidative stress which can cause cell centrosome amplification. The study investigated centrosome amplification in type 2 diabetes and the underlying mechanisms. We found that centrosome amplification was increased in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from the type 2 diabetic patients, which correlated with the levels of fasting blood glucose and HbA1c. High glucose, insulin and palmitic acid, alone or in combinations, induced ROS production and centrosome amplification. Together, they increased AKT activation as well as the expression, binding and centrosome translation of ROCK1 and 14-3-3σ. Results from further analyses showed that AKT-ROS-dependent upregulations of expression, binding and centrosome translocation of ROCK1 and 14-3-3σ was the molecular pathway underlying the centrosome amplification induced by high glucose, insulin and palmitic acid. Moreover, the increases in AKT activation and ROS production as well as expression, binding and centrosome distribution of ROCK1 and 14-3-3σ were confirmed in the PBMC from the patients with type 2 diabetes. In conclusion, our results show that type 2 diabetes promotes cell centrosome amplification, and suggest that the diabetic pathophysiological factors-activated AKT-ROS-dependent signalling of ROCK1 and 14-3-3σ is the underlying molecular mechanism.
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