Rxivist logo

Olfactory and Vomeronasal Receptor Feedback Employ Divergent Mechanisms of PERK Activation

By Ryan P Dalton, G Elif Karagöz, Jerome Kahiapo, Ruchira Sharma, Lisa E Bashkirova, David B. Lyons, Hiroaki Matsunami, Peter Walter

Posted 04 Jan 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/239830

Mutually-exclusive chemoreceptor expression in olfactory and vomeronasal sensory neurons (OSNs and VSNs) enables odorant discrimination. This configuration involves chemoreceptor mediated activation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident kinase PERK. PERK drives translation of the transcription factor ATF5 to preclude additional chemoreceptor expression. ATF5 translation is transient in OSNs but persistent in VSNs, suggesting chemoreceptor-specific modes of PERK activation. Herein, we showed that the ER-lumenal domain (LD) of PERK recognized vomeronasal receptor (VR)-derived peptides, suggesting direct PERK activation drives persistent ATF5 translation in VSNs. In contrast, PERK LD did not recognize olfactory receptor (OR)-derived peptides in vitro, and facilitating OR maturation in vivo prevented PERK activation, suggesting that ORs activate PERK indirectly through a failure to exit the ER. Importantly, impairing or prolonging ATF5 expression drove specific chemoreceptor repertoire biases. Together, these results demonstrate mechanistic divergence in chemoreceptor feedback and establish that differences in PERK activation promote qualitatively different gene regulatory results.

Download data

  • Downloaded 517 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 34,713 out of 100,826
    • In cell biology: 1,704 out of 5,215
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 54,133 out of 100,826
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 46,512 out of 100,826

Altmetric data

Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!