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The RZZ complex facilitates Mad1 binding to Bub1 ensuring efficient checkpoint signaling

By Gang Zhang, Thomas Kruse, Jakob Nilsson

Posted 15 May 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/322834

The recruitment of Mad1 to unattached kinetochores is essential for generating a wait anaphase signal during mitosis yet Mad1 localization is poorly understood in mammalian cells. In yeast the Bub1 checkpoint protein is the sole Mad1 receptor but in mammalian cells the Rod-ZW10-Zwilch (RZZ) complex is also required for Mad1 kinetochore localization. The exact function of the two mammalian Mad1 receptors and whether there is any interplay between them is unclear. Here we use CRISPR genome editing to generate RNAi sensitized human cell lines revealing a strong requirement for both Rod and Bub1 in checkpoint signaling. We show that the RZZ complex facilitates Mad1 binding to Bub1 and that a region of Bub1 overlapping the Mad1 binding site stimulates RZZ kinetochore recruitment. The requirement for RZZ in the checkpoint, but not Bub1, can be bypassed by tethering Mad1 to kinetochores or by increasing the strength of the Bub1-Mad1 interaction. Our data support a model in which the primary role of RZZ is to localize Mad1 at kinetochores allowing for the efficient checkpoint generating Mad1-Bub1 interaction. As such, the core checkpoint principle is conserved from yeast to man.

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