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Down-regulation of LRIG1 by miR-20a modulates gastric cancer multidrug resistance

By Lin Zhou, Xiaowei Li, Fan Zhou, Zhi’an Jin, Di Chen, Pin Wang, Shu Zhang, Yuzheng Zhuge, Yulong Shang, Xiaoping Zou

Posted 08 Sep 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/186403 (published DOI: 10.1111/cas.13538)

Multidrug resistance (MDR) significantly restricts the clinical efficacy of gastric cancer (GC) chemotherapy, and it is critical to search novel targets to predict and overcome MDR. Leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains 1 (LRIG1) has been proved to be correlated with drug resistance in several cancers. The present study revealed that LRIG1 was overexpressed in chemo-sensitive GC tissues and decreased expression of LRIG1 predicted poor survival in GC patients. We observed that up-regulation of LRIG1 enhanced chemo-sensitivity in GC cells. Interestingly, miR-20a, which was overexpressed in GC MDR cell lines and tissues, was identified to regulate LRIG1 expression by directly targeting its 3 untranslated region. We also found that inhibition of miR-20a suppressed GC MDR, and up-regulation showed opposite effects. Moreover, we demonstrated that the miR-20a/LRIG1 axis regulated GC cell MDR through EGFR mediated PI3K/AKT and MAPK/ERK signaling pathways. Finally, LRIG1 expression in human GC tissues is inversely correlated with miR-20a and EGFR. Taken together, the newly identified miR-20a/LRIG1/EGFR link provides insight into the MDR process of GC, and targeting this axis represents a novel potential therapeutic strategy to block GC chemo-resistance.

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