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A Highly Efficient and Faithful MDS Patient-Derived Xenotransplantation Model for Pre-Clinical Studies

By Yuanbin Song, Anthony Rongvaux, Ashley Taylor, Tingting Jiang, Toma Tebaldi, Kunthavai Balasubramanian, Arun Bagale, Yunus Kasim Terzi, Rana Gbyli, Xiaman Wang, Jun Zhao, Nikolai Podoltsev, Mina Xu, Natalia Neparidze, Ellice Wong, Richard Torres, Emanuela M. Bruscia, Yuval Kluger, Markus G Manz, Richard A. Flavell, Stephanie Halene

Posted 14 Feb 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/265082 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-08166-x)

Comprehensive preclinical studies of Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) have been elusive due to limited ability of MDS stem cells to engraft current immunodeficient murine hosts. We developed a novel MDS patient-derived xenotransplantation model in cytokine-humanized immunodeficient "MISTRG" mice that for the first time provides efficient and faithful disease representation across all MDS subtypes. MISTRG MDS patient-derived xenografts (PDX) reproduce patients' dysplastic morphology with multi-lineage representation, including erythro- and megakaryopoiesis. MISTRG MDS-PDX replicate the original sample's genetic complexity and can be propagated via serial transplantation. MISTRG MDS-PDX demonstrate the cytotoxic and differentiation potential of targeted therapeutics providing superior readouts of drug mechanism of action and therapeutic efficacy. Physiologic humanization of the hematopoietic stem cell niche proves critical to MDS stem cell propagation and function in vivo. The MISTRG MDS-PDX model opens novel avenues of research and long-awaited opportunities in MDS research.

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