The Subtype Specificity of Genetic Loci Associated with Stroke in 16,664 cases and 32,792 controls
Christopher D Anderson,
Loes C.A. Rutten-Jacobs,
Guido J. Falcone,
Mary E. Comeau,
Cathie LM Sudlow,
Raji P. Grewal,
Carl D. Langefeld,
Steven J. Kittner,
Hugh Stephen Markus,
on behalf of the NINDS Stroke Genetics Network (SiGN) and International Stroke Genetics Consortium (ISGC)
Posted 20 Jul 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/371153 (published DOI: 10.1161/CIRCGEN.118.002338)
Posted 20 Jul 2018
Background: Genome-wide association studies have identified multiple loci associated with stroke. However, the specific stroke subtypes affected, and whether loci influence both ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke, remains unknown. For loci associated with stroke, we aimed to infer the combination of stroke subtypes likely to be affected, and in doing so assess the extent to which such loci have homogeneous effects across stroke subtypes. Methods: We performed Bayesian multinomial regression in 16,664 stroke cases and 32,792 controls of European ancestry to determine the most likely combination of stroke subtypes affected for loci with published genome-wide stroke associations, using model selection. Cases were subtyped under two commonly used stroke classification systems, Trial of Org 10172 Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) and Causative Classification of Stroke (CCS). All individuals had genotypes imputed to the Haplotype Reference Consortium 1.1 Panel. Results: Sixteen loci were considered for analysis. Seven loci influenced both haemorrhagic and ischaemic stroke, three of which influenced ischaemic and haemorrhagic subtypes under both TOAST and CCS. Under CCS, 4 loci influenced both small vessel stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage. An EDNRA locus demonstrated opposing effects on ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke. No loci were predicted to influence all stroke subtypes in the same direction and only one locus (12q24) was predicted to influence all ischaemic stroke subtypes. Conclusions: Heterogeneity in the influence of stroke-associated loci on stroke subtypes is pervasive, reflecting differing causal pathways. However, overlap exists between haemorrhagic and ischaemic stroke, which may reflect shared pathobiology predisposing to small vessel arteriopathy. Stroke is a complex, heterogeneous disorder requiring tailored analytic strategies to decipher genetic mechanisms.
- Downloaded 489 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 102,609
- In genetics: 3,827
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 178,804
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 143,928
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!