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Regulatory network controlling tumor-promoting inflammation in human cancers

By Zhe Ji, Lizhi He, Aviv Regev, Kevin Struhl

Posted 20 Jun 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/352062

Using an inducible, inflammatory model of breast cellular transformation, we describe the transcriptional regulatory network mediated by STAT3, NF-kB, and AP-1 factors on a genomic scale. These regulators form transcriptional complexes that directly regulate the expression of hundreds of genes in oncogenic pathways via a positive feedback loop. This inflammatory feedback loop, which functions to various extents in many types of cancer cells and patient tumors, is the basis for an "inflammation" index that defines cancer types by functional criteria. We identify a network of non-inflammatory genes whose expression is well correlated with the cancer inflammatory index. Conversely, the inflammation index is negatively correlated with expression of genes involved in DNA metabolism, and transformation is associated with genome instability. Inflammatory tumors are preferentially associated with infiltrating immune cells that might be recruited to the site of the tumor via inflammatory molecules produced by the cancer cells.

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