Cryptic Promoter Activation Drives POU5F1 (OCT4) Expression in Renal Cell Carcinoma
Kyle T Siebenthall,
Chris P Miller,
Jeff D Vierstra,
Shane J Neph,
Posted 27 Jul 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/379198 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.01.063)
Posted 27 Jul 2018
Transcriptional dysregulation drives cancer formation but the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. As a model system, we used renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the most common malignant kidney tumor which canonically activates the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF) pathway. We performed genome-wide chromatin accessibility and transcriptome profiling on paired tumor/normal samples and found that numerous transcription factors with a RCC-selective expression pattern also demonstrated evidence of HIF binding in the vicinity of their gene body. Some of these transcription factors influenced the tumor's regulatory landscape, notably the stem cell transcription factor POU5F1 (OCT4). Unexpectedly, we discovered a HIF-pathway-responsive cryptic promoter embedded within a human-specific retroviral repeat element that drives POU5F1 expression in RCC via a novel transcript. Elevated POU5F1 expression levels were correlated with advanced tumor stage and poorer overall survival in RCC patients. Thus, integrated transcriptomic and epigenomic analysis of even a small number of primary patient samples revealed remarkably convergent shared regulatory landscapes and a novel mechanism for dysregulated expression of POU5F1 in RCC.
- Downloaded 387 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 46,432 out of 100,510
- In cancer biology: 1,482 out of 3,595
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 56,567 out of 100,510
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 34,087 out of 100,510
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!