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Big Behavioral Data: Psychology, Ethology and the Foundations of Neuroscience

By Alex Gomez-Marin, Joseph J. Paton, Adam Raymond Kampff, Rui M. Costa, Zachary Mainen

Posted 02 Jul 2014
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/006809 (published DOI: 10.1038/nn.3812)

Behavior is a unifying organismal process where genes, neural function, anatomy and environment converge and interrelate. Here we review the current state and discuss the future impact of accelerating advances in technology for behavioral studies, focusing on rodents as an exemplar. We frame our perspective in three dimensions: degree of experimental constraint, dimensionality of data, and level of description. We argue that "big behavioral data" presents challenges proportionate to its promise and describe how these challenges might be met through opportunities afforded by the two rival conceptual legacies of 20th century behavioral science, ethology and psychology. We conclude that although "more is not necessarily better", copious, quantitative and open behavioral data has the potential to transform and unify these two disciplines and to solidify the foundations of others, including neuroscience, but only if the development of novel theoretical frameworks and improved experimental designs matches the technological progress.

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