Leveraging functional genomic annotations and genome coverage to improve polygenic prediction of complex traits within and between ancestries
Ilja M. Nolte,
Lifelines Cohort Study,
Naomi R. Wray,
Michael E Goddard,
Peter M. Visscher,
Posted 14 Oct 2022
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2022.10.12.510418
Posted 14 Oct 2022
We develop a new method, SBayesRC, that integrates GWAS summary statistics with functional genomic annotations to improve polygenic prediction of complex traits. Our method is scalable to whole-genome variant analysis and refines signals from functional annotations by allowing them to affect both causal variant probability and causal effect distribution. We analyse 28 traits in the UK Biobank using ~7 million common SNPs and 96 annotations. SBayesRC improves prediction accuracy by 14% in European ancestry and by up to 33% in trans-ancestry prediction, compared to the baseline method SBayesR which does not use annotations, and outperforms state-of-the-art methods LDpred-funct, PolyPred-S and PRS-CSx by 12-15%. Investigation of factors affecting prediction accuracy identified a significant interaction between SNP density and annotation information, encouraging future use of whole-genome sequence variants for prediction. Functional partitioning analysis highlights a major contribution of evolutionary constrained regions to prediction accuracy and the largest per-SNP contribution from non-synonymous SNPs.
- Downloaded 724 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 65,064
- In genetics: 2,790
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 6,410
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 7,224
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!