Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 59,974 bioRxiv papers from 266,630 authors.
Genome-wide association study meta-analysis of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) in two population-based cohorts (N=141,932)
Abraham A Palmer,
Sarah L. Elson,
The 23andMe Research Team,
Substance Use Disorder Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium,
Mark J Adams,
David M. Howard,
Howard J Edenberg,
Richard C Crist,
Ian J Deary,
Andrew M McIntosh,
Posted 06 Mar 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/275917 (published DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.18040369)
Posted 06 Mar 2018
Alcohol use disorders (AUD) are common conditions that have enormous social and economic consequences. We obtained quantitative measures using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) from two population-based cohorts of European ancestry: UK Biobank (UKB; N=121,604) and 23andMe (N=20,328) and performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis. We also performed GWAS for AUDIT items 1-3, which focus on consumption (AUDIT-C), and for items 4-10, which focus on the problematic consequences of drinking (AUDIT-P). The GWAS meta-analysis of AUDIT total score identified 10 associated risk loci. Novel associations localized to genes including JCAD and SLC39A13; we also replicated previously identified signals in the genes ADH1B, ADH1C, KLB, and GCKR. The dimensions of AUDIT showed positive genetic correlations with alcohol consumption (rg=0.76-0.92) and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) alcohol dependence (rg=0.33-0.63). AUDIT-P and AUDIT-C showed significantly different patterns of association across a number of traits, including psychiatric disorders. AUDIT-P was positively genetically correlated with schizophrenia (rg=0.22, p=3.0x10-10), major depressive disorder (rg=0.26, p=5.6x10-3), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; rg=0.23, p=1.1x10-5), whereas AUDIT-C was negatively genetically correlated with major depressive disorder (rg=-0.24, p=3.7x10-3) and ADHD (rg=-0.10, p=1.8x10-2). We also used the AUDIT data in the UKB to identify thresholds for dichotomizing AUDIT total score that optimize genetic correlations with DSM-IV alcohol dependence. Coding individuals with AUDIT total score of ≤4 as controls and ≥12 as cases produced a high genetic correlation with DSM-IV alcohol dependence (rg=0.82, p=3.2x10-6) while retaining most subjects. We conclude that AUDIT scores ascertained in population-based cohorts can be used to explore the genetic basis of both alcohol consumption and AUD.
- Downloaded 1,300 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 4,424 out of 59,974
- In genetics: 371 out of 3,425
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 6,502 out of 59,974
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 14,642 out of 59,974
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- Top preprints of 2018
- Paper search
- Author leaderboards
- Overall metrics
- The API
- Email newsletter
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!