Genetic regulatory mechanisms of smooth muscle cells map to coronary artery disease risk loci
Victor G. Castano,
Daniel J. Rader,
Stephen B. Montgomery,
Clint L Miller,
Posted 30 Apr 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/309559 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.08.001)
Posted 30 Apr 2018
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death globally. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 95 independent loci that influence CAD risk, most of which reside in non-coding regions of the genome. To interpret these loci, we generated transcriptome and whole-genome datasets using human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (HCASMC) from 52 unrelated donors, as well as epigenomic datasets using ATAC-seq on a subset of 8 donors. Through systematic comparison with publicly available datasets from GTEx and ENCODE projects, we identified transcriptomic, epigenetic, and genetic regulatory mechanisms specific to HCASMC. We assessed the relevance of HCASMC to CAD risk using transcriptomic and epigenomic level analyses. By jointly modeling eQTL and GWAS datasets, we identified five genes (SIPA1, TCF21, SMAD3, FES, and PDGFRA) that modulate CAD risk through HCASMC, all of which have relevant functional roles in vascular remodeling. Comparison with GTEx data suggests that SIPA1 and PDGFRA influence CAD risk predominantly through HCASMC, while other annotated genes may have multiple cell and tissue targets. Together, these results provide new tissue-specific and mechanistic insights into the regulation of a critical vascular cell type associated with CAD in human populations.
- Downloaded 489 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 37,598 out of 101,401
- In genomics: 3,584 out of 6,281
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 82,761 out of 101,401
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 90,917 out of 101,401
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!