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Phenotype-specific information improves prediction of functional impact for noncoding variants

By Corneliu A Bodea, Adele A. Mitchell, Alex Bloemendal, Aaron G Day-Williams, Heiko Runz, Shamil R. Sunyaev

Posted 26 Oct 2016
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/083642

Functional characterization of the noncoding genome is essential for the biological understanding of gene regulation and disease. Here, we introduce the computational framework PINES (Phenotype- Informed Noncoding Element Scoring) which predicts the functional impact of noncoding variants by integrating epigenetic annotations in a phenotype-dependent manner. A unique feature of PINES is that analyses may be customized towards genomic annotations from cell types of the highest relevance given the phenotype of interest. We illustrate that PINES identifies functional noncoding variation more accurately than methods that do not use phenotype-weighted knowledge, while at the same time being flexible and easy to use via a dedicated web portal.

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