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The 10,000 Immunomes Project: A resource for human immunology

By Kelly A. Zalocusky, Matthew J. Kan, Zicheng Hu, Patrick Dunn, Elizabeth Thomson, Jeffrey Wiser, Sanchita Bhattacharya, Atul J. Butte

Posted 25 Aug 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/180489 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2018.09.021)

New immunological assays now enable rich measurements of human immune function, but difficulty attaining enough measurements across sufficiently large and diverse cohorts has hindered describing normal human immune physiology on a large scale. Here we present the 10,000 Immunomes Project (10KIP), a diverse human immunology reference derived from over 44,000 individuals across 242 studies from ImmPort, a publicly available resource of raw immunology study data and protocols. We carefully curated datasets, aggregating subjects from healthy/control arms and harmonizing data across studies. We demonstrate 10KIP's utility by describing variations in serum cytokines and leukocytes by age, race, and sex; defining a baseline cell-cytokine network; and using 10KIP as a common control to describe immunologic changes in pregnancy. Subject-level data is available for interactive visualization and download at http://10kImmunomes.org/. We believe 10KIP can serve as a common control cohort and will accelerate hypothesis generation by clinical and basic immunologists across diverse populations.

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