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Cullin1 represses systematic inflammasome activation by binding and catalyzing NLRP3 ubiquitination

By Pin Wan, Qi Zhang, Weiyong Liu, Yaling Jia, Tianci Wang, Wenbiao Wang, Pan Pan, Ge Yang, Qi Xiang, Siyu Huang, Qingyu Yang, Wei Zhang, Fang Liu, Kailang Wu, Jianguo Wu, Jianguo Wu

Posted 27 Mar 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/289637

Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome is a key process of host immune response, the first line of defense against cellular stresses and pathogen infections. However, excessive inflammasome activation damages the hosts, and thus it must be precisely controlled. The mechanism underlying the repression of systematic inflammasome activation remains largely unknown. This study reveals that CUL1, a key component of the SCF E3 ligase, plays a critical role in regulation of the inflammasome. CUL1 suppresses the inflammasome activation in HEK293T cells, inhibits endogenous NLRP3 in macrophages, and represses inflammatory responses in C57BL/6 mice. Under normal physiological conditions, CUL1 interacts with NLRP3 to disrupt the inflammasome assembly, and catalyzes NLRP3 ubiquitination to repress the inflammasome activation. In response to inflammatory stimuli, CUL1 disassociates from NLRP3 to release the repression of NLRP3 inflammasome activation. This work reveals a distinct mechanism underlying the repression of inflammasome activation under physiological conditions and the induction of inflammasome activation in response to inflammatory stimuli, and thus provides insights into the prevention and treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases.

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