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Bclaf1 critically regulates the type I interferon response and is degraded by alphaherpesvirus US3

By Chao Qin, Rui Zhang, Yue Lang, Anwen Shao, Aotian Xu, Wenhai Feng, Jun Han, Mengdong Wang, Wanwei He, Cuilian Yu, Jun Tang

Posted 16 Aug 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/392555 (published DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1007559)

Type I interferon response plays a prominent role against viral infection, which is frequently disrupted by viruses. Here, we report Bcl-2 associated transcription factor 1 (Bclaf1) is degraded during the alphaherpesvirus Pseudorabies virus (PRV) and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infections through the viral protein US3. We further reveal that Bclaf1 functions critically in type I interferon signaling. Knockdown or knockout of Bclaf1 in cells significantly impairs interferon-α (IFNα)-mediated gene transcription and viral inhibition against US3 deficient PRV and HSV-1. Mechanistically, Bclaf1 maintains a mechanism allowing STAT1 and STAT2 to be efficiently phosphorylated in response to IFNα, and more importantly facilitates IFN-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3) binding with IFN-stimulated response elements (ISRE) for efficient gene transcription by directly interacting with ISRE and STAT2. Our studies establish the importance of Bclaf1 in IFNα-induced antiviral immunity and in the control of viral infections.

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