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An intelligent synthetic bacterium with sound-integrated ability for chronological toxicant detection, degradation, and lethality

By Huan Liu, Lige Zhang, Weiwei Wang, Haiyang Hu, Ping Xu, Hongzhi Tang

Posted 08 Jun 2022
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2022.06.08.495251

Modules, toolboxes, and systems of synthetic biology are being designed to solve environmental problems. However, weak and decentralized functional modules require complicated controls. To address this issue, we investigated an integrated system that can complete detection, degradation, and lethality, in chronological order without exogenous inducers. Biosensors were optimized by regulating expression of receptor and reporter to get higher sensitivity and output signal. Several stationary-phase promoters were selected and compared, while promoter Pfic was chosen to express the degradation enzyme. We created two concepts of lethal circuits by testing various toxic proteins, with a toxin/antitoxin circuit showing a potent lethal effect. Three modules were coupled, step-by-step. Detection, degradation, and lethality were sequentially completed, and the modules had partial attenuation compared to pre-integration, except for degradation. Our study provides a novel concept for integrating and controlling functional modules, which can accelerate the transition of synthetic biology from a concept to practical applications.

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