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Phosphorylation Status of B beta Subunit Acts as a Switch to Regulate the Function of Phosphatase PP2A in Ethylene-mediated Root Growth Inhibition

By zhengyao Shao, Bo Zhao, Prashanth Kotla, Jaclyn Tran, Xu Chen, Karen Browning, Hong Qiao

Posted 11 May 2022
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2022.05.11.491551

The various combinations and regulations of different subunits of phosphatase PP2A holoenzymes underlie their functional complexity and importance. We identified a distinct PP2A holoenzyme composed of A2, B{beta} and C4. Upon the ethylene treatment, B{beta} subunit is dephosphorylated, leading to a tight formation of the A2-C4-B{beta} protein complex. EIR1 is the target of the PP2A A2-C4-B{beta} complex mediated by the A2 subunit. Importantly, the phosphorylation of B{beta} subunit in the absence of ethylene leads to an inactivation of PP2A. As a result, EIR1 remains phosphorylated, and no root growth inhibition occurs. Upon the ethylene treatment, B{beta} subunit is dephosphorylated, leading to an activation of PP2A to dephosphorylate EIR1, resulting in a root growth inhibition. Altogether, our research revealed a novel molecular mechanism by which the dephosphorylation of B{beta} subunit switches on the PP2A activity to dephosphorylate EIR1, leading to a root growth inhibition in response to ethylene.

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