Rxivist logo

Diversification, sympatry, and the emergence of mega-diverse tropical assemblages

By Jacob B. Socolar, Alexander C Lees

Posted 21 Dec 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/238329

Geographic gradients in species richness, including latitudinal gradients, can arise from geographic variation in any of three mechanisms: the geologic age of habitats, net rates of evolutionary diversification, or rates of sympatry among diversifying lineages. Here we show that variation in rates of sympatry is a dominant force structuring geographic richness gradients in birds. Species-rich sites contain disproportionately high numbers of recently diverged sympatric species but contain lineages with slower-than-average diversification rates. The positive sympatry-diversity relationship consistently overwhelms the negative diversification-diversity relationship, particularly among high-diversity sites (>250 species). These patterns repeat across biomes and continents with striking regularity, and remain consistent across multiple timescales, including the recent evolutionary past. Biogeographic and evolutionary patterns in birds are consistent with a role for ecological conditions in promoting species coexistence, which allows sister species to co-occur and potentially lowers extinction rates.

Download data

  • Downloaded 385 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 48,135 out of 100,745
    • In ecology: 1,527 out of 4,410
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 87,297 out of 100,745
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 78,498 out of 100,745

Altmetric data


Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


PanLingua

Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


News

  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!