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New genetic signals for lung function highlight pathways and pleiotropy, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associations across multiple ancestries

By Nick Shrine, Anna L. Guyatt, A Mesut Erzurumluoglu, Victoria E Jackson, Brian D. Hobbs, Carl Melbourne, Chiara Batini, Katherine A Fawcett, Kijoung Song, Phuwanat Sakornsakolpat, Xingnan Li, Ruth Boxall, Nicola F Reeve, Ma’en Obeidat, Jing Hua Zhao, Matthias Wielscher, Understanding Society Scientific Group, Stefan Weiss, Katherine A Kentistou, James P Cook, Benjamin B. Sun, Jian Zhou, Jennie Hui, Stefan Karrasch, Medea Imboden, Sarah E. Harris, Jonathan Marten, Stefan Enroth, Shona M. Kerr, Ida Surakka, Veronique Vitart, Terho Lehtimäki, Richard J Allen, Per S Bakke, Terri H Beaty, Eugene R Bleecker, Yohan Bossé, Corry-Anke Brandsma, Zhengming Chen, James D Crapo, John Danesh, Dawn L DeMeo, Frank Dudbridge, Ralf Ewert, Christian Gieger, Amund Gulsvik, Anna L Hansell, Ke Hao, Josh D Hoffman, John Hokanson, Georg Homuth, Peter Joshi, Philippe Joubert, Claudia Langenberg, Xuan Li, Liming Li, Kuang Lin, Lars Lind, Nick Locantore, Jian’an Luan, Anubha Mahajan, Joseph C. Maranville, Alison Murray, David C Nickle, Richard Packer, Margaret M Parker, Megan L Paynton, David Porteous, Dmitry Prokopenko, Dandi Qiao, Rajesh Rawal, Heiko Runz, Ian Sayers, Don D. Sin, Blair H Smith, María Soler Artigas, David Sparrow, Ruth Tal-Singer, Paul RHJ Timmers, Maarten Van den Berge, John C Whittaker, Prescott Woodruff, Laura M Yerges Armstrong, Olga G. Troyanskaya, Olli T. Raitakari, Mika Kähönen, Ozren Polasek, Ulf Gyllensten, Igor Rudan, BH Smith, Nicole M Probst-Hensch, Holger Schulz, Alan L James, James F Wilson, Beate Stubbe, Eleftheria Zeggini, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Nick Wareham, Edwin K Silverman, C Haley, Andrew P Morris, Adam S. Butterworth, Robert A Scott, Robin G. Walters, Deborah A Meyers, Michael H Cho, David P Strachan, Ian P Hall, Martin D Tobin, Louise V Wain

Posted 12 Jun 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/343293 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41588-018-0321-7)

Reduced lung function predicts mortality and is key to the diagnosis of COPD. In a genome-wide association study in 400,102 individuals of European ancestry, we define 279 lung function signals, one-half of which are new. In combination these variants strongly predict COPD in deeply-phenotyped patient populations. Furthermore, the combined effect of these variants showed generalisability across smokers and never-smokers, and across ancestral groups. We highlight biological pathways, known and potential drug targets for COPD and, in phenome-wide association studies, autoimmune-related and other pleiotropic effects of lung function associated variants. This new genetic evidence has potential to improve future preventive and therapeutic strategies for COPD.

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