Smoking induces coordinated DNA methylation and gene expression changes in adipose tissue with consequences for metabolic health
C. A Glastonbury,
Melissa N Eliot,
Juan E Castillo-Fernandez,
Tiphaine C. Martin,
Kirsi H Pietiläinen,
Eric B Loucks,
Karl T Kelsey,
Kerrin S. Small,
Jordana T. Bell
Posted 21 Jun 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/353581 (published DOI: 10.1186/s13148-018-0558-0)
Posted 21 Jun 2018
Tobacco smoking is a risk factor for multiple diseases, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Many smoking-associated signals have been detected in the blood methylome, but the extent to which these changes are widespread to metabolically relevant tissues, and impact gene expression or cardio-metabolic health, remains unclear. We investigated smoking-associated DNA methylation and gene expression variation in adipose tissue from 542 healthy female twins with available well-characterized cardio-metabolic phenotype profiles. We identified 42 smoking-methylation and 42 smoking-expression signals, where five genes (AHRR, CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYTL1, F2RL3) were both hypo-methylated and up-regulated in smokers. We replicated and validated a proportion of the signals in blood, adipose, skin, and lung tissue datasets, identifying tissue-shared effects. Smoking leaves systemic imprints on DNA methylation after smoking cessation, with stronger but shorter-lived effects on gene expression. We tested for associations between the observed smoking signals and several adiposity phenotypes that constitute cardio-metabolic disease risk. Visceral fat and android/gynoid ratio were associated with methylation at smoking-markers with functional impacts on expression, such as CYP1A1, and in signals shared across tissues, such as NOTCH1. At smoking-signals BHLHE40 and AHRR DNA methylation and gene expression levels in current smokers were predictive of future gain in visceral fat upon smoking cessation. Our results provide the first comprehensive characterization of coordinated DNA methylation and gene expression markers of smoking in adipose tissue, a subset of which link to human cardio-metabolic health and may give insights into the wide-ranging risk effects of smoking across the body.
- Downloaded 487 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 59,186
- In genomics: 4,360
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 114,025
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 135,981
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!