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Cross-linking of the Endolysosomal System Reveals Flotillin Structures and Putative Cargo

By Jasjot Singh, Hadeer Elhabashy, Pathma Muthukottiappan, Markus Stepath, Martin Eisenacher, Oliver Kohlbacher, Volkmar Gieselmann, Dominic Winter

Posted 12 Jan 2022
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2022.01.12.475930

Lysosomes are well-established as the main cellular organelles for the degradation of macromolecules and emerging as regulatory centers of metabolism. They are of crucial importance for cellular homeostasis, which is exemplified by a plethora of disorders related to alterations in lysosomal function. In this context, protein complexes play a decisive role, regulating not only metabolic lysosomal processes, but also lysosome biogenesis, transport, and interaction with other organelles. Using cross-linking mass spectrometry, we analyzed lysosomes and early endosomes. Based on the identification of 5,376 cross-links, we investigated protein-protein interactions and structures of lysosome- and endosome-related proteins. In particular, we present evidence for a tetrameric assembly of the lysosomal hydrolase PPT1 and heterodimeric/-multimeric structures of FLOT1/FLOT2 at lysosomes and early endosomes. For FLOT1-/FLOT2-positive early endosomes, we identified >300 proteins presenting putative cargo, and confirm the latrophilin family of adhesion G protein-coupled receptors as substrates for flotillin-dependent endocytosis.

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