Molecular insights into antibody-mediated protection against the prototypic simian immunodeficiency virus
Zachary T Berndsen,
Joel D Allen,
Leigh M. Sewall,
Kim L Weisgrau,
Jeffrey D. Lifson,
Thomas B Voigt,
Brandon C Rosen,
Ronald C. Desrosiers,
Eva G Rakasz,
David I Watkins,
Andrew B. Ward,
Dennis R Burton,
Posted 23 Dec 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.12.22.473937
Posted 23 Dec 2021
SIVmac239 infection of macaques is a favored model of human HIV infection. However, the SIVmac239 envelope (Env) trimer structure, glycan occupancy, and the targets and ability of neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) to protect against SIVmac239 remain unknown. Here, we report the isolation of SIVmac239 nAbs that recognize a glycan hole and the V1/V4 loop. A high-resolution structure of a SIVmac239 Env trimer-nAb complex shows many similarities to HIV and SIVcpz Envs, but with distinct V4 features and an extended V1 loop. Moreover, SIVmac239 Env has a higher glycan shield density than HIV Env that may contribute to poor or delayed nAb responses in SIVmac239-infected macaques. Passive transfer of a nAb protects macaques from repeated low dose intraveneous SIVmac239 challenge at serum titers comparable to those described for protection of humans against HIV infection. Our results provide structural insights for vaccine design and shed light on antibody-mediated protection in the SIV model.
- Downloaded 463 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 108,702
- In immunology: 3,535
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 27,257
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 147,218
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!