The merits of sustaining pneumococcal vaccination after transitioning from Gavi support - a modelling and cost-effectiveness study for Kenya
Laura L. Hammitt,
Anthony G. Scott,
Posted 18 Jul 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/369603 (published DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30562-X)
Posted 18 Jul 2018
Introduction: Many low income countries soon will need to consider whether to continue pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) use at full costs as they transition from Gavi support. Using Kenya as a case study we assessed the incremental cost-effectiveness of continuing PCV use. Methods: We fitted a dynamic compartmental model of pneumococcal carriage to annual carriage prevalence surveys and invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) incidence in Kilifi, Kenya, and predicted disease incidence and related mortality for either continuing PCV use beyond 2022, the start of Kenya's transition from Gavi support, or its discontinuation. We calculated the costs per disability-adjusted-life-year (DALY) averted and associated prediction intervals (PI). Results: We predicted that overall IPD incidence will increase by 93% (PI: 72% - 114%) from 8.5 in 2022 to 16.2 per 100,000 per year in 2032, if PCV use is discontinued. Continuing vaccination would prevent 15,355 (PI: 10,196-21,125) deaths and 112,050 (PI: 79,620-130,981) disease cases during that time. Continuing PCV after 2022 will require an estimated additional US$15.6 million annually compared to discontinuing vaccination. The incremental cost per DALY averted of continuing PCV was predicted at $142 (PI: 85 - 252) in 2032. Conclusion: Continuing PCV use is essential to sustain its health gains. Based on the Kenyan GDP per capita of $1445, and in comparison to other vaccines, continued PCV use at full costs is cost-effective. These arguments support an expansion of the vaccine budget, however, affordability may be a concern.
- Downloaded 353 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 93,255
- In epidemiology: 3,969
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 139,010
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 120,769
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!