Differential Vulnerability of Anterior Cingulate Cortex Cell-Types to Diseases and Drugs
Marissa Ann Smail,
Sapuni Sureshika Chandrasena,
Robert E McCullumsmith
Posted 28 Oct 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.10.26.465972
Posted 28 Oct 2021
In psychiatric disorders, mismatches between disease-states and therapeutic strategies are highly pronounced, largely because of unanswered questions regarding specific vulnerabilities of different cell-types and therapeutic responses. Which cellular events (housekeeping or salient) are most affected? Which cell-types succumb first to challenges, and which exhibit the strongest response to drugs? Are these events coordinated between cell-types? How does the disease-state and drug affect this coordination? To address these questions, we analyzed single-nucleus-RNAseq (sn-RNAseq) data from the human anterior cingulate cortex- a region involved in many psychiatric disorders. Density index, a metric for quantifying similarities and dissimilarities across functional profiles, was employed to identify common (housekeeping) or salient functional themes across all cell-types. Cell-specific signatures were integrated with existing disease and drug-specific signatures to determine cell-type-specific vulnerabilities, druggabilities, and responsiveness. Clustering of functional profiles revealed cell-types jointly participating in these events. SST and VIP interneurons were found to be most vulnerable, whereas pyramidal neurons were least vulnerable. Overall, the disease-state is superficial layer-centric, largely influences cell-specific salient themes, strongly impacts disinhibitory neurons, and influences astrocyte interaction with a subset of deep-layer pyramidal neurons. Drug activities, on the other hand, are deep layer-centric and involve activating a distinct subset of deep-layer pyramidal neurons to circumvent the disinhibitory circuit malfunctioning in the disease-state. These findings demonstrate a novel application of sn-RNAseq data to explain drug and disease action at a systems level, suggests a targeted drug development and reevaluate various postmortem-based findings.
- Downloaded 116 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 184,074
- In neuroscience: 25,926
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 71,957
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 68,246
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!