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Functional Testing of Thousands of Osteoarthritis-Associated Variants for Regulatory Activity

By Jason C Klein, Aidan Keith, Sarah Rice, Colin Shepherd, Vikram Agarwal, John Loughlin, Jay Shendure

Posted 30 Jul 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/379727 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-10439-y)

To date, genome-wide association studies have implicated at least 35 loci in osteoarthritis, but due to linkage disequilibrium, we have yet to pinpoint the specific variants that underlie these associations, nor the mechanisms by which they contribute to disease risk. Here we functionally tested 1,605 single nucleotide variants associated with osteoarthritis for regulatory activity using a massively parallel reporter assay. We identified six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with differential regulatory activity between the major and minor alleles. We show that our most significant hit, rs4730222, drives increased expression of an alternative isoform of HBP1 in a heterozygote chondrosarcoma cell line, a CRISPR-edited osteosarcoma cell line, and in chondrocytes derived from osteoarthritis patients.

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