New from old: discovery of the novel antibiotic actinomycin L in Streptomyces sp. MBT27
Streptomycetes are major producers of bioactive natural products, including the majority of the antibiotics. While much if the low-hanging fruit has been discovered, it is predited that less than 5% of the chemical space has been mined. Here, we describe the novel actinomycins L1 and L2, which are produced by Streptomyces sp. MBT27. The molecules were discovered via metabolic analysis combined with molecular networking of cultures grown with different combinations of carbon sources. Actinomycins L1 and L2 are diastereoisomers, and the structure of actinomycin L2 was resolved using NMR and single crystal X-ray crystallography. Actinomycin L is formed via a unique spirolinkage of anthranilamide to the 4-oxoproline moiety of actinomycin X2, prior to the condensation of the actinomycin halves. Feeding anthranilamide to cultures of Streptomyces antibioticus, which has the same biosynthetic gene cluster as Streptomyces sp. MBT27 but only produces actinomycin X2, resulted in the production of actinomycin L. This shows that actinomycin L results from joining two distinct metabolic pathways, namely those for actinomycin X2 and for anthranilamide. Actinomycins L1 and L2 showed significant antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Our work shows how new molecules can still be identified even in the oldest of natural product families.
- Downloaded 278 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 127,156
- In microbiology: 9,120
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: None
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 21,679
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!