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Multi-omics analysis of multiple glucose-sensing receptor systems in yeast

By Shuang Li, Yuanyuan Li, Blake R. Rushing, Sarah E. Harris, Susan L. McRitchie, Daniel Dominguez, Susan J. Sumner, Henrik G Dohlman

Posted 08 Oct 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.10.07.463466

The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has long been used to produce alcohol from glucose and other sugars. While much is known about glucose metabolism, relatively little is known about the receptors and signaling pathways that indicate glucose availability. Here we compare the two glucose receptor systems in S. cerevisiae. The first is a heterodimer of transporter-like proteins (transceptors), while the second is a seven-transmembrane receptor coupled to a large G protein (Gpa2) and two small G proteins (Ras1 and Ras2). Through comprehensive measurements of glucose-dependent transcription and metabolism, we demonstrate that the two receptor systems have distinct roles in glucose signaling: the G protein-coupled receptor directs carbohydrate and energy metabolism, while the transceptors regulate ancillary processes such as ribosome, amino acids, cofactor and vitamin metabolism. The large G protein transmits the signal from its cognate receptor, while the small G protein Ras2 (but not Ras1) integrates responses from both receptor pathways. Collectively, our analysis reveals the molecular basis for glucose detection and the earliest events of glucose-dependent signal transduction in yeast.

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