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The International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC) is generating and phenotyping null mutations for every protein-coding gene in the mouse. The IMPC now uses Cas9, a programmable RNA-guided nuclease that has revolutionized mouse genome editing and increased capacity and flexibility to efficiently generate null alleles in the C57BL/6N strain. In addition to being a valuable novel and accessible research resource, the production of >3,300 knockout mouse lines using comparable protocols provides a rich dataset to analyze experimental and biological variables affecting in vivo null allele engineering with Cas9. Mouse line production has two critical steps - generation of founders with the desired allele and germline transmission (GLT) of that allele from founders to offspring. Our analysis identified that whether a gene is essential for viability was the primary factor influencing successful production of null alleles. Collectively, our findings provide best practice recommendations for generating null alleles in mice using Cas9; these recommendations may be applicable to other allele types and species.

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