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Exosomal MFGE8 from high glucose induced endothelial cells is involved in calcification/senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells

By Yu-Qing Ni, Shuang Li, Xiao LIn, Yan-Jiao Wang, Jie-Yu He, Wan-Ling Song, Qun-Yan Xiang, Yan Zhao, Chen Li, Yi Wang, Hua-Hua Li, Zhen Liang, Jun-Kun Zhan, You-Shuo Liu

Posted 11 Sep 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.09.10.459867

Vascular calcification/aging is a crucial feature of diabetic macro vasculopathy, resulting in serious cardiovascular diseases. The calcification/senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced by hyperglycemia can cause diabetic vascular calcification/aging. However, the mechanism of VSMCs calcification/senescence involved in diabetic vascular calcification/aging remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how the high glucose (HG) information in circulating blood is transmitted from vascular endothelial cells (ECs) to VSMCs, which are not contacted with blood directly. Exosomes have attracted much attention for their vital roles in regulating cell-to-cell communication. In this study, we found that milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8 (MFGE8) was enriched in high glucose induced human umbilical vein endothelial cell exosomes (HG-HUVEC-Exo) and regulate VSMCs calcification/senescence, characterized by up-regulated expressions of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), as well as the increased mineralized nodules and senescence-associated {beta}-galactosidase (SA-{beta}-gal) positive cells. Upstream mechanism studies showed that sirtuin1 (SIRT1) was involved in VSMCs calcification/senescence by affecting the expression of MFGE8. We also found that inflammatory response mediated by IL-1{beta}, IL-6, and IL-8 was closely associated with MFGE8 and played a key role in regulating HG-HUVEC-Exo-induced VSMCs calcification/senescence. These findings provide a new insight into the mechanism of exosomal MFGE8 as a potential preventive and therapeutic target for the intervention of diabetic vascular calcification/aging.

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