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Arabidopsis spliceosome factor SmD3 modulates immunity to Pseudomonas syringae infection

By Anna Golisz, Michal Krzyszton, Monika Stepien, Jakub Dolata, Justyna Piotrowska, Zofia Szweykowska-Kulinska, Artur Jarmolowski, Joanna Kufel

Posted 09 Aug 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.08.09.455611

SmD3 is a core component of the small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) that is essential for pre-mRNA splicing. The role of Arabidopsis SmD3 in plant immunity was assessed by testing sensitivity of smd3a and smd3b mutants to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) DC3000 infection and its pathogenesis effectors flagellin (flg22), EF-Tu (elf18) and coronatine (COR). Both smd3 mutants exhibited enhanced susceptibility to Pst accompanied by marked changes in the expression of key pathogenesis markers. mRNA levels of these factors were also altered upon treatment with Pseudomonas effectors. We showed that SmD3-b dysfunction impairs mainly stomatal immunity as a result of defects in stomatal development. Our genome-wide transcriptome analysis of the smd3b-1 mutant infected with Pst revealed that lack of SmD3-b deregulates defense against Pst infection at the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels including defects in splicing and an altered pattern of alternative splicing. Other changes in the smd3b-1 mutant involved enhanced elf18- and flg22-induced callose deposition, reduction of flg22-triggered production of early ROS and boost of secondary ROS caused by Pst infection. Together, our data indicate that SmD3 contributes to the plant immune response possibly via regulation of mRNA splicing of key pathogenesis factors.

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