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TMT-based proteomic analysis of the antibiotic effects of ShangKeHuangShui against Straphylococcus aureus.

By Lichu Liu, Na Zhao, Kuangyang Yang, Honghong Liao, Xiaofang Liu, Ying Wu, Lei Lei, Xiao Peng, Yuanyan Wu

Posted 22 Jul 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.07.22.453437

Post-traumatic infection is a serious orthopedic trauma complication commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus (SAU). ShangKeHuangShui, also known as Yellow Aqueous Concentrate of Traumatology Herbs (YACTH), is prepared from six Chinese herbal medicines, which has been used for decades in our hospital to prevent post-traumatic infection. In the present study, we investigated the in vitro antibacterial effects and underlying mechanism of YACTH against SAU. YACTH exhibited significant antibacterial activity against SAU with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 8.625 mg/mL. Proteomic analysis based on Tandem mass tag (TMT) showed different protein expression levels in SAU under the YACTH and control conditions. Compared to the control group, the expression level of 490 proteins of YACTH treated group significantly changed (>1.2 fold, P <0.05). Biological informatics analysis showed that these differential proteins were widely involved in a variety of biological processes and multiple metabolic pathways. We then selected 26 target proteins to further conduct Parallel reaction monitoring (PRM). The results revealed that the 9 down-regulated proteins were mainly involved in RNA polymerase, oxidative phosphorylation, ABC transporter and glycolysis; whereas, the 17 up-regulated proteins are related to RNA degradation, mismatch repair and ribosome. In conclusion, YACTH, which contains the water-soluble components of six Chinese herbs, is first reported to exhibit antibacterial activity against SAU in vitro . The results provide novel insights into the antibacterial mechanisms of YACTH on protein networks, which may help us find new potential antibiotic targets.

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