Mouse hue and wavelength-specific luminance contrast sensitivity are non-uniform across visual space
Daniel J Denman,
Jennifer A. Luviano,
Douglas R Ollerenshaw,
Michael A. Buice,
Shawn R Olsen,
R. Clay Reid
Posted 10 Aug 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/174631 (published DOI: 10.7554/elife.31209)
Posted 10 Aug 2017
Mammalian visual behaviors, as well as responses in the neural systems thought to underlie these behaviors, are driven by luminance and hue contrast. With tools for measuring activity in cell-type specific populations in the mouse during visual behavior gaining traction, it is important to define the extent of luminance and hue information that is behaviorally-accessible to the mouse. A non-uniform distribution of cone opsins in the mouse potentially complicates both luminance and hue sensitivity: opposing gradients of short (UV-shifted) and middle (blue/green) cone opsins suggest that hue discrimination and wavelength-specific luminance contrast sensitivity may differ depending on retinotopic location. Here we ask if, and how well, mice can discriminate color and wavelength-specific luminance across visuotopic space. We found that mice were able to discriminate hue, and were able to do so more broadly across visuotopic space than expected from the cone-opsin distribution. We also found wavelength-band specific differences in luminance sensitivity.
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