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Small RNA profiling in Mycobacterium insights into stress adapt ability

By Yingyu Chen, Wenjun Zhai, Kailun Zhang, Tingting Zhu, Li Su, Luiz E Bermudez, Huanchun Chen, Aizhen Guo

Posted 10 Jul 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.07.09.451870

Mycobacteria would encounter a number of environment changes during infection, and respond to it using different mechanisms. sRNA is a posttranscriptionally regulatory system for the function of genes and has been investigated in many other bacteria. Here, we used Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis BCG infection models and sequenced the whole bacterial RNAs before and after host cells infection. Comparison of differential expressed sRNAs, by using GO and KEGG, and target predication, was carried out. Six pathogenically relevant stresses, drug resistance test, growth rate and morphology were used for screening and identify sRNAs. From these data, we identified a subset of sRNAs that are differentially expressed in multiple infection groups and stress conditions. We found that many of them were associated with lipid metabolism. Among them, ncBCG427, was significantly down-regulated when BCG entered into macrophages, and was associated with increase of biofilm formation and changed in drug susceptibility. Then, reduction of virulence possibility depends on regulating lipid metabolism.

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