Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies from a one-year National Serosurveillance of Kenyan Blood Transfusion Donors
Ifedayo M O Adetifa,
Henry K Karanja,
E Wangeci Kagucia,
Anthony O Etyang,
Lynette I Ochola-Oyier,
George M Warimwe,
J. Anthony G. Scott
Posted 07 Jul 2021
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.07.06.21260038
Posted 07 Jul 2021
In tropical Africa, SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology is poorly described because of lack of access to testing and weak surveillance systems. Since April 2020, we followed SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in plasma samples across the Kenya National Blood Transfusion Service. We developed an IgG ELISA against full length spike protein. Validated in locally-observed, PCR-positive COVID-19 cases and in pre-pandemic sera, sensitivity was 92.7% and sensitivity was 99.0%. Using sera from 9,922 donors, we estimated national seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies at 4.3% in April-June 2020 and 9.1% in August-September 2020. The second COVID-19 wave peaked in November 2020. Here we estimate national seroprevalence in early 2021. Between January 3 and March 15, 2021, we collected 3,062 samples from donors aged 16-64 years. Among 3,018 samples that met our study criteria 1,333 were seropositive (crude seroprevalence 44.2%, 95% CI 42.4-46.0%). After Bayesian test-performance adjustment and population weighting to represent the national population distribution, the national estimate of seroprevalence was 48.5% (95% CI 45.2-52.1%). Seroprevalence varied little by age or sex but was higher in Nairobi, the capital city, and lower in two rural regions. Almost half of Kenyan adult donors had evidence of past SARS-CoV-2 infection by March 2021. Although high, the estimate is corroborated by other population-specific estimates in country. Between March and June, 2% of the population were vaccinated against COVID-19 and the country experienced a third epidemic wave. Natural infection is outpacing vaccine delivery substantially in Africa, and this reality needs to be considered as objectives of the vaccine programme are set.
- Downloaded 254 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 128,763
- In infectious diseases: 5,498
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 43,130
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 133,971
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!