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Paupar LncRNA Promotes KAP1 Dependent Chromatin Changes And Regulates Subventricular Zone Neurogenesis

By Ioanna Pavlaki, Farah Alammari, Bin Sun, Neil Clark, Tamara Sirey, Sheena Lee, Dan J. Woodcock, Chris P. Ponting, Francis G. Szele, Keith W. Vance

Posted 11 Sep 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/187302 (published DOI: 10.15252/embj.201798219)

Many long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are expressed during central nervous system (CNS) development, yet their in vivo roles and molecular mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. Paupar, a CNS expressed lncRNA, controls neuroblastoma cell growth by binding and modulating the activity of genome-wide transcriptional regulatory elements. We show here that Paupar transcript directly binds KAP1, an essential epigenetic regulatory protein, and thereby regulates the expression of shared target genes important for proliferation and neuronal differentiation. Paupar promotes KAP1 chromatin occupancy and H3K9me3 deposition at a subset of distal targets, through formation of a DNA binding ribonucleoprotein complex containing Paupar, KAP1 and the PAX6 transcription factor. Paupar-KAP1 genome-wide co-occupancy reveals a 4-fold enrichment of overlap between Paupar and KAP1 bound sequences. Furthermore, both Paupar and Kap1 loss of function in vivo accelerates lineage progression in the mouse postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) stem cell niche and disrupts olfactory bulb neurogenesis. These observations provide important conceptual insights into the trans-acting modes of lncRNA-mediated epigenetic regulation, the mechanisms of KAP1 genomic recruitment and identify Paupar and Kap1 as regulators of SVZ neurogenesis.

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