RASSF1A independence and early Galectin-1 upregulation in PIK3CA induced hepatocarcinogenesis: new therapeutic venues
Posted 15 Jun 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.06.15.448477
Posted 15 Jun 2021
Aberrant activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and Ras/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase pathways is a hepatocarcinogenesis hallmark. In a subset of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC), PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling dysregulation depends on PIK3CA mutations, while RAS/MAPK activation is partly attributed to promoter methylation of the tumor suppressor RASSF1A. To evaluate a possible co-carcinogenic effect of PIK3CA activation and RASSF1A knockout, plasmids expressing oncogenic forms of PIK3CA (E545K or H1047R mutants) were delivered to the liver of RASSF1A knockout and wildtype mice by hydrodynamic tail vein injection combined with Sleeping Beauty-mediated somatic integration. Transfection of either PIK3CA E545K or H1047R mutants sufficed to induce hepatocellular carcinomas in mice irrespective of RASSF1A mutational background. The related tumors displayed a lipogenic phenotype with upregulation of Fatty acid synthase and Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1). Galectin 1, which was commonly upregulated in preneoplastic lesions and tumors, emerged as a regulator of SCD1. Co-inhibitory treatment with PIK3CA inhibitors and the Galectin 1 inhibitor OTX-008 resulted in synergistic cytotoxicity in human HCC cell lines, suggesting novel therapeutic venues.
- Downloaded 226 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 141,167
- In pathology: 828
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 81,709
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 153,451
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!