REGEN-COV Antibody Cocktail in Outpatients with Covid-19
Andrea T Hooper,
Jennifer D Hamilton,
Bret J Musser,
John D Davis,
Kenneth C Turner,
Christos A Kyratsous,
Joseph A Bocchini,
George D Yancopoulos,
the Trial Investigators
Posted 12 Jun 2021
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.06.09.21257915
Posted 12 Jun 2021
Background: REGEN-COV (casirivimab and imdevimab) antibody cocktail reduced SARS-CoV-2 viral load in descriptive analyses of the first 275 Covid-19 outpatients in the phase 1/2 portion of an ongoing double-blind, seamless phase 1/2/3 trial. Methods: This final analysis of the phase 1/2 portion includes 799 patients: 275 (group-1) and 524 (group-2). Patients were randomized (1:1:1) to placebo, 2400mg REGEN-COV, or 8000mg REGEN-COV, and characterized at baseline for endogenous immune response against SARS-CoV-2 (serum antibody-positive/negative). Efficacy was assessed in patients with a positive baseline RT-qPCR result; safety was assessed in all treated patients. Prespecified hierarchical analyses of virologic endpoints in group-2 were performed to confirm previously reported descriptive analyses from group-1. The proportion of patients with [≥]1 Covid-19-related medically-attended visit (MAV) through day 29 was assessed in group-1+2. Results: Time-weighted average reduction in viral load (log10 copies/ml) through day 7 was significantly greater with REGEN-COV (combined 2400mg+8000mg dose groups) versus placebo in patients with baseline viral load >107 copies/ml (prespecified primary endpoint): -0.68 (95% CI, -0.94 to -0.41; P<0.0001). This reduction was -0.73 (P<0.0001) in serum antibody-negative patients and -0.36 (P=0.0003) in the overall population. Proportions of patients with [≥]1 Covid-19-related MAV were 2.8% (12/434) with REGEN-COV versus 6.5% (15/231) with placebo (P=0.024; relative risk reduction=57%), with greater relative risk reductions in MAVs in patients with [≥]1 risk factor for hospitalization (71%). Adverse events were similar across groups. Conclusions: REGEN-COV treatment of outpatients significantly reduced SARS-CoV-2 viral load and Covid-19-related medically-attended visits. (Funded by Regeneron Pharmaceuticals and the Biomedical and Advanced Research and Development Authority of the Department of Health and Human Services; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04425629.)
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