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A comprehensive mass spectral library for human thyroid tissues

By Yaoting Sun, Lu Li, Weigang Ge, Zhen Dong, Wei Liu, Hao Chen, Qi Xiao, Xue Cai, Fangfei Zhang, Junhong Xiao, Guangzhi Wang, Yi He, Oi Lian Kon, N. Gopalakrishna Iyer, Yongfu Zhao, Tiannan Guo

Posted 28 May 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.05.27.445992

Thyroid nodules occur in about 60% of the population. Current diagnostic strategies, however, often fail at distinguishing malignant nodules before surgery, thus leading to unnecessary, invasive treatments. As proteins are involved in all physio/pathological processes, a proteome investigation of biopsied nodules may help correctly classify and identify malignant nodules and discover therapeutic targets. Quantitative mass spectrometry data-independent acquisition (DIA) enables highly reproducible and rapid throughput investigation of proteomes. An exhaustive spectral library of thyroid nodules is essential for DIA yet still unavailable. This study presents a comprehensive thyroid spectral library covering five types of thyroid tissue: multinodular goiter, follicular adenoma, follicular and papillary thyroid carcinoma, and normal thyroid tissue. Our library includes 925,330 transition groups, 157,548 peptide precursors, 121,960 peptides, 9941 protein groups, and 9826 proteins from proteotypic peptides. This library resource was evaluated using three papillary thyroid carcinoma samples and their corresponding adjacent normal thyroid tissue, leading to effective quantification of up to 7863 proteins from biopsy-level thyroid tissues.

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