Longitudinal dynamics of clonal hematopoiesis identifies gene-specific fitness effects
Neil A Robertson,
Alison C Purcell,
Benjamin J Livesey,
Joseph A Marsh,
Riccardo E Marioni,
Sarah E Harris,
Simon R Cox,
Ian J Deary,
Linus J Schumacher,
Posted 28 May 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.05.27.446006
Posted 28 May 2021
The prevalence of clonal haematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) in healthy individuals increases rapidly from age 60 onwards and has been associated with increased risk for malignancy, heart disease and ischemic stroke. CHIP is driven by somatic mutations in stem cells that are also drivers of myeloid malignancies. Since mutations in stem cells often drive leukaemia, we hypothesised that stem cell fitness substantially contributes to transformation from CHIP to leukaemia. Stem cell fitness is defined as the proliferative advantage over cells carrying no or only neutral mutations. It is currently unknown whether mutations in different CHIP genes lead to distinct fitness advantages that could form the basis for patient stratification. We set out to quantify the fitness effects of CHIP drivers over a 12 year timespan in older age, using longitudinal error-corrected sequencing data. We developed a new method based on drift-induced fluctuation (DIF) filtering to extract fitness effects from longitudinal data, and thus quantify the growth potential of variants within each individual. Our approach discriminates naturally drifting populations of cells and faster growing clones, while taking into account individual mutational context. We show that gene-specific fitness differences can outweigh inter-individual variation and therefore could form the basis for personalised clinical management.
- Downloaded 915 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 29,849
- In cell biology: 1,122
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 4,819
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 4,041
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!