Lung Epithelial Cells Can Produce Antibodies Participating In Adaptive Humoral Immune Responses
It is generally believed that the main source of antibodies is B lymphocytes. In this study, our results first revealed that B cell-deficient mice could not produce antibodies specific for TI-Ags; however, mice with B cell deficiency could produce TD-Ag-specific antibodies, although antibody production was delayed compared with that in BALB/c mice after primary TD-Ag challenge. Subsequently, we identified that mouse lung epithelial cells could produce and secrete Ig, including IgM, IgA or IgG, which could display TD-Ag-specific antibody activity. Notably, the production of TD-Ag-specific antibodies by lung epithelial cells was found to be dependent on CD4+ T cells but not CD8+ T cells. Our findings indicate for the first time that B cells are not the only source of TD-Ag-specific antibodies but are essential for rapid TD-Ag-specific antibody production by non-B cells. This discovery may reveal a new mechanism for the production of specific antibodies.
- Downloaded 907 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 28,126
- In immunology: 899
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 3,618
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 58,527
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!