Population-level variation of enhancer expression identifies novel disease mechanisms in the human brain
Gabriel E Hoffman,
Michael B. Fernando,
James M Vicari,
Kayla G. Townsley,
the CommonMind Consortium,
Kristen J. Brennand,
Posted 14 May 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.05.14.443421
Posted 14 May 2021
Identification of risk variants for neuropsychiatric diseases within enhancers underscores the importance of understanding the population-level variation of enhancers in the human brain. Besides regulating tissue- and cell-type-specific transcription of target genes, enhancers themselves can be transcribed. We expanded the catalog of known human brain transcribed enhancers by an order of magnitude by generating and jointly analyzing large-scale cell-type-specific transcriptome and regulome data. Examination of the transcriptome in 1,382 brain samples in two independent cohorts identified robust expression of transcribed enhancers. We explored gene-enhancer coordination and found that enhancer-linked genes are strongly implicated in neuropsychiatric disease. We identified significant expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) for 25,958 enhancers which mediate 6.8% of schizophrenia heritability, mostly independent from standard gene eQTL. Inclusion of enhancer eQTL in transcriptome-wide association studies enhanced functional interpretation of disease loci. Overall, our study characterizes the enhancer-gene regulome and genetic mechanisms in the human cortex in both healthy and disease states.
- Downloaded 803 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 39,247
- In neuroscience: 5,261
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 7,530
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 10,879
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!