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The Arabidopsis thaliana PeptideAtlas; harnessing world-wide proteomics data for a comprehensive community proteomics resource

By Klaas Jan van Wijk, Eric W. Deutsch, Qi Sun, Zhi Sun, Tami Leppert, Alexander S Boguraev, Luis Mendoza

Posted 03 May 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.05.03.442425

We developed a new resource, the Arabidopsis PeptideAtlas (www.peptideatlas.org/builds/arabidopsis/), to solve central questions about the Arabidopsis proteome, such as the significance of protein splice forms, post-translational modifications (PTMs), or simply obtain reliable information about specific proteins. PeptideAtlas is based on published mass spectrometry (MS) analyses collected through ProteomeXchange and reanalyzed through a uniform processing and metadata annotation pipeline. All matched MS-derived peptide data are linked to spectral, technical and biological metadata. Nearly 40 million out of ~143 million MSMS spectra were matched to the reference genome Araport11, identifying ~0.5 million unique peptides and 17858 uniquely identified proteins (only isoform per gene) at the highest confidence level (FDR 0.0004; 2 non-nested peptides [≥] 9 aa each), assigned canonical proteins, and 3543 lower confidence proteins. Physicochemical protein properties were evaluated for targeted identification of unobserved proteins. Additional proteins and isoforms currently not in Araport11 were identified, generated from pseudogenes, alternative start, stops and/or splice variants and sORFs; these features should be considered for updates to the Arabidopsis genome. Phosphorylation can be inspected through a sophisticated PTM viewer. This new PeptideAtlas is integrated with community resources including TAIR, tracks in JBrowse, PPDB and UniProtKB. Subsequent PeptideAtlas builds will incorporate millions more MS data.

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