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Differential 3′ Processing of Specific Transcripts Expands Regulatory and Protein Diversity Across Neuronal Cell Types

By Saša Jereb, Hun-Way Hwang, Eric Van Otterloo, Eve-Ellen Govek, John J Fak, Yuan Yuan, Mary E Hatten, Robert B. Darnell

Posted 10 Jan 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/245886 (published DOI: 10.7554/eLife.34042)

Alternative polyadenylation (APA) regulates mRNA translation, stability, and protein localization. However, it is unclear to what extent APA regulates these processes uniquely in specific cell types. Using a new technique, cTag-PAPERCLIP, we discovered significant differences in APA between the principal types of mouse cerebellar neurons, the Purkinje and granule cells, as well as between proliferating and differentiated granule cells. Transcripts that differed in APA in these comparisons were enriched in key neuronal functions and many differed in coding sequence in addition to 3′UTR length. We characterize Memo1, a transcript that shifted from expressing a short 3′UTR isoform to a longer one during granule cell differentiation. We show that Memo1 regulates granule cell precursor proliferation and that its long 3′UTR isoform is targeted by miR-124, contributing to its downregulation during development. Our findings provide insight into roles for APA in specific cell types and establish a platform for further functional studies.

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