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No evidence of significant cross-reactivity between the dengue virus (DENV) and SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies

By Farah M. Shurrab, Fathima Humaira, Enas S. Al-Absi, Duaa W. Al-Sadeq, Hamda Qotba, Hadi M. Yassine, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Gheyath Nasrallah

Posted 22 Apr 2021
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.04.19.21255725

Background: Several studies reported serological cross-reaction between DENV and SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies using rapid point of care (POC) assays. Limited data are available about cross-reactivity when testing is done using advanced chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) and ELISA assays. Objective: This study aims to investigate potential serological cross-reactivity between SARS-CoV-2-IgG and DENV-IgG using CLIA and ELISA assays. Study-design: A total of 90 DENV-IgG-ELISA positive and 90 negative pre-pandemic sera were tested for anti-SARS-CoV-2-IgG using the automated CL-900i CLIA assay. Furthermore, a total of 91 SARS-CoV-2-IgG-CLIA positive and 91 negative post-pandemic sera were tested for anti-DENV-IgG using the Novalis ELISA assay. Results: The DENV-IgG positive sera had 5 positives and 85 negatives for SARS-CoV-2-IgG. The DENV-IgG negative sera also had 5 positives and 85 negatives for SARS-CoV-2-IgG. No statistically significant difference in specificity between the DENV-IgG positive and DENV-IgG negative sera was found (p-value=1.00). The SARS-CoV-2-IgG positive sera had 43 positives, 47 negatives, and 1 equivocal for DENV-IgG. The SARS-CoV-2-IgG negative sera had 50 positives, 40 negatives, and 1 equivocal for DENV-IgG. No statistically significant difference in the proportion that is DENV-IgG positive between the SARS-CoV-2-IgG positive and SARS-CoV-2-IgG negative sera (p-value=0.58). Conclusions: No evidence for cross-reactivity between the DENV and SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies was found.

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