Natural loss of function of ephrin-B3 shapes spinal flight circuitry in birds
Claudio V. Mello,
Posted 29 Jan 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.01.29.428748
Posted 29 Jan 2021
Flight in birds evolved through patterning of the wings from forelimbs and transition from alternating gait to synchronous flapping. In mammals, the spinal midline guidance molecule ephrin-B3 instructs the wiring that enables limb alternation, and its deletion leads to synchronous hopping gait. Here we show that the ephrin-B3 protein in birds lacks several motifs present in other vertebrates, diminishing its affinity for the EphA4 receptor. The avian ephrin-B3 gene lacks an enhancer that drives midline expression, and is missing in Galliformes. The morphology and wiring at brachial levels of the chick spinal cord resemble those of ephrin-B3 null mice. Importantly, dorsal midline decussation, evident in the mutant mouse, is apparent at the chick brachial level, and is prevented by expression of exogenous ephrin-B3 at the roof plate. Our findings support a role for loss of ephrin-B3 function in shaping the avian brachial spinal cord circuitry and facilitating synchronous wing flapping.
- Downloaded 479 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 70,171
- In neuroscience: 10,212
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 13,237
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 5,965
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!