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The volatile cedrene from plant beneficial Trichoderma guizhouense modulates Arabidopsis root development through auxin transport and signaling

By Yucong Li, Jiahui Shao, Yansong Fu, Yu Chen, Hongzhe Wang, Zhihui Xu, Haichao Feng, Weibing Xun, Yunpeng Liu, Nan Zhang, Qirong Shen, Wei Xuan, Ruifu Zhang

Posted 10 Apr 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.04.09.439204

Rhizosphere microorganisms interact with plant roots by producing chemical signals to regulate root development. However, the involved distinct bioactive compounds and the signal transduction pathways are remaining to be identified. Here, we show that sesquiterpenes (SQTs) are the main volatile compounds produced by plant beneficial Trichoderma guizhouense NJAU 4742, inhibition of SQTs synthesis in this strain indicated their involvement in plant-fungus cross-kingdom signaling. SQTs component analysis further identified the cedrene, a high abundant SQT in strain NJAU 4742, could stimulate plant growth and root development. Genetic analysis and auxin transport inhibition showed that auxin receptor TIR1, AFB2, auxin-responsive protein IAA14, and transcription factor ARF7, ARF19 affect the response of lateral roots to cedrene. Moreover, auxin influx carrier AUX1, efflux carrier PIN2 were also indispensable for cedrene-induced lateral root formation. Confocal imaging showed that cedrene affected the expression of pPIN2:PIN2:GFP and pPIN3:PIN3:GFP, which may be related to the effect of cedrene on root morphology. These results suggest that a novel SQT molecule from plant beneficial T. guizhouense can regulate plant root development through auxin transport and signaling.

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