The contribution of RNA recombination to viral fitness and pathogenesis is poorly defined. Here, we isolate a recombination-deficient, poliovirus variant and find that, while recombination is detrimental to virus replication in tissue culture, recombination is important for pathogenesis in infected animals. Notably, recombination-defective virus exhibits severe attenuation following intravenous inoculation that is associated with a significant reduction in population size during intra-host spread. Because the impact of high mutational loads manifests most strongly at small population sizes, our data suggest that the repair of mutagenized genomes is an essential function of recombination and that this function may drive the long-term maintenance of recombination in viral species despite its associated fitness costs.
- Downloaded 863 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 36,918
- In microbiology: 2,183
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 49,335
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 94,613
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!