Bacterial Rdl2 dsRNA increased the insecticidal activity of GABAR blockers and allosteric modulators against Plutella xylostella
BACKGROUND: The application of RNAi to control pests has attracted the attention of researchers. Our results indicated that knockout of PxRdl2 can decrease resistance to fipronil in Plutella xylostella, providing a suitable target gene for RNAi-based pest control. RESULTS: The differences in the sensitivity of two established homozygous knockout strains of P. xylostella. (Rdl1KO and Rdl2KO) and susceptible P. xylostella to a series of compounds were evaluated. Quinazolines and isoxazolines both showed stronger efficacy in the Rdl2KO strain. Therefore, we proposed a method based on the knockdown of the P. xylostella Rdl2 gene as a tactic to enhance the toxicity of quinazolines and isoxazolines. To reduce costs and protect dsRNA against degradation, we applied a bacterial expression system using the L4440 vector to express PxRdl2 dsRNA in HT115 Escherichia coli. Transformed bacteria (dsRNA-Bac) fed through leaves combined with quinazoline and isoxazolines proved to be more effective in both the susceptible and fipronil-resistant P. xylostella. CONCLUSION: Our results provide a strategy for the development of novel insecticide spray formulations containing dsRNA-Bac, which synergize with insecticide toxins by suppressing PxRdl2, reducing the use of pesticides in the field.
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