Genome-wide association study of body fat distribution traits in Hispanics/Latinos from the HCHS/SOL Study
Anne E. Justice,
Stephanie M Gogarten,
Shelly Ann Love,
Yann C Klimentidis,
Matthew A Allison,
Jennifer E Below,
Thomas A Buchanan,
Yii-Der Ida Chen,
Mark O Goodarzi,
Heather M Highland,
Willa A Hsueh,
Leslie J Raffel,
Anny H. Xiang,
Carmen R. Isasi,
Kari E North
Posted 25 Feb 2021
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.02.23.21251958
Posted 25 Feb 2021
Central obesity is a leading health concern with a great burden carried by ethnic minority populations, and especially Hispanics/Latinos. Genetic factors contribute to the obesity burden overall and to inter-population differences. We aim to: 1) identify novel loci associated with central adiposity measured as waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference (HIP), all adjusted for body mass index (adjBMI), using the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL); 2) determine if differences in genetic associations differ by background group within HCHS/SOL; 3) determine whether previously reported association regions generalize to HCHS/SOL. Our analyses included 7,472 women and 5,200 men of mainland (Mexican, Central and South American) and Caribbean (Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Dominican) background residing in the US, with genome-wide array data imputed to the 1000 genomes Phase I multiethnic reference panel. We analyzed associations stratified by sex in addition to sexes combined using linear mixed-model regression. We identified 16 variants for WHRadjBMI, 22 for WCadjBMI, and 28 for HIPadjBMI that reached suggestive significance (P<1x10-6). Many of the loci exhibited differences in strength of associations by ethnic background and sex. We brought a total of 66 variants forward for validation in nine cohort studies (N=34,161) with participants of Hispanic/Latino, African and European descent. We confirmed four novel loci (ancestry-specific P<0.05 in replication, consistent direction of effect with HCHS/SOL, and P<5x10-8 after meta-analysis with HCHS/SOL), including rs13301996 in the sexes-combined analysis, and rs79478137 for women-only for WHRadjBMI; rs28692724 in women-only for HIPadjBMI; and rs3168072 in the sexes combined analysis for WCadjBMI. Also, a total of eight previously reported WHRadjBMI association regions, 12 for HIPadjBMI, and 10 for WCadjBMI generalized to HCHS/SOL. Our study findings highlight the importance of large-scale genomic studies in ancestrally diverse Hispanic/Latino populations for identifying and characterizing central obesity-susceptibility that may be ancestry-specific.
- Downloaded 150 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 145,436
- In genetic and genomic medicine: 850
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 61,906
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 86,029
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!